There’s honestly nothing more satisfying than a good poop. On a flip side a bad poop can ruin your day. Too hard, too soft, too sudden, not soon enough? If this isn’t ringing any bells, congratulations on being a perfect pooper. For the rest of us we have to work on it.

Constipation, a symptom rather than a disease is generally defined as when bowel movements occur less than 3 times a week, and are difficult to pass. Almost everyone experiences constipation at some point in their life. The good news is, we have science on our side. There are a bunch of things to do to smooth out the kinks in our digestive system and some of them are very literal.

Bristol Stool Chart

Let us introduce you to the Bristol stool scale. A handy dandy chart listing the different types of poop your body can make. They range from type 1 (hard lumps) to type 7 (totally liquid). You actually want to be a type 3 or type 4 anything before that indicates constipation, anything after that gets closer to diarrhoea. Depending on where you land on the scale, there are a number of things you can do to get that coveted smooth snake.

What causes constipation?

Constipation most commonly occurs when waste or stool moves too slowly through the digestive tract or cannot be eliminated effectively from the rectum, which may cause the stool to become hard and dry. Common causes of constipation are:

  • Poor intake of fibre in the diet- such as fruits, vegetables, and cereals
  • Lack of physical activity and sedentary lifestyle
  • Low fluid intake
  • Hormonal imbalance in pregnancy, hyperthyroidism (when your body makes too much thyroid hormone), and hypothyroidism (when your body makes too little thyroid hormone)
  • Often ignoring the urge to defecate
  • Specific diseases or conditions, such as stroke (most common)
  • Problems with the colon and rectum
  • Stress, anxiety, or depression

Constipation Relief

Diet changes

So, what to do when your bowel is acting too cool for stool? Diet and lifestyle changes are usually recommended as the first treatment for constipation.

  1. Water

Water is the lifeline that all people, constipated or not desperately need.  That is because it keeps the system in your body running. When a person is dehydrated, the intestines are forced to extract water from stool in colon in order to function properly. This results in hard and dry stool which can lead to constipation. So, drinking plenty of aqua will help bring that balance back to normal.

  1. Probiotics

Probiotics are live, beneficial bacteria that naturally occur in the gut. These ‘good bacteria’ help to take care of the gut and keep the microflora balance in our intestines in perfect balance and harmony. They include Bifidobacteria and Lactobacillus. People can increase their levels by eating probiotic foods. They are found in tempeh, kimchi, yogurt, miso, and cultured milk drinks such like Yakult. Good gut bacteria not only stimulate better digestion, it also helps boost immunity by suppressing the growth of harmful bacteria. Consuming more probiotic foods help improve the imbalance of bacteria in our gut, stimulating better digestion preventing constipation.

As probiotic properties are strain-specific, Lactobacillus casei Shirota (LcS) strain (or better known as the Shirota strain) is Yakult’s exclusive probiotic strain that works mainly in the digestive system. Here is a quick explanation on how the Shirota strain stimulates better digestion. The Shirota strain relieves constipation by increasing short-chain fatty acid production, reducing the pH of the colon and increasing bile salt metabolism, all of which help promote the motility of the colon, thus, reduce constipation occurrence.

  1. Fibre

Fibre is helpful no matter which end of the stool scale you are on. There are many types of dietary fibres, but in general, there are 2 categories of fibres: Insoluble fibre and soluble fibre.

Soluble fibres absorb water and form a gel-like paste, which softens the stools and improves its consistency. Often present in oat bran, barley, nuts, seeds, beans, lentils, and peas, as well as some fruits and vegetables.

Insoluble fibres add bulk to stools and may help them pass more quickly and easily through the digestive system and is usually present in wheat bran, vegetables, and whole grains.

  1. Caffeine

Next is caffeine, putting it this way, caffeine is your classic double edge sword. Caffeine influences your digestive system in multiple ways. It is a diuretic that causes you to urinate, and dehydrate in an instant which can lead to constipation. At the same time, caffeine is a stimulant that can make a person have more bowel stools or in excess, diarrhoea.

However, on the bright side, if you do consume caffeine, you can compensate for its diuretic effects and still prevent dehydration which causes constipation. When adequately hydrated, caffeine will only serve as a digestive aid and stimulant, without causing constipation.


Medication like laxatives works by quickening bowel movements or to soften stool. Although they can be purchased over-the-counter at most pharmacies, but use it wisely as it can be harmful when it is taken excessively. Do consult your doctor to find out what is right for you.

Exercise to Ease Constipation

Regular exercise helps constipation by lowering the time it takes food to move through the large intestine as it limits the amount of water your body absorbs from the stool. Hard, dry stools are harder to pass. Plus, sports like aerobic exercises (ex: swimming, jogging, cycling, running, football, etc.) helps to stimulate the natural squeezing of muscles in your intestines.